In 1802, Dr William Cruickshank designed the first electric battery capable of being mass produced.
Cruickshank arranged square sheets of copper with equal sheet sizes of zinc.
Prompted by these experiments, Volta initiated a series of experiments using dissimilar metals.
This discovery led to the invention of the first voltaic cell, more commonly known as a battery.
Volta discovered further that the voltage would increase when voltaic cells were stacked on top of each other. In the same year, Volta released his discovery of a continuous source of electricity to the Royal Society.
— Ed.] It is possible that the battery was used for electroplating a layer of gold or other precious metals onto a surface.
The Egyptians are said to have electroplated antimony onto copper over 4300 years ago.