The Emperor Tiberius chose this site for his summer residence: a beautiful natural setting right on the sea.
Signs of human life have been found dating from the Upper Palaeolithic era and according to tradition, this is the site where Amyclae, the mythical city of the Spartans, was built.
More than four centuries after Herodotus’ visit to Egypt, the geographer Strabo observed that the city of Heracleion, which possessed the temple of Herakles, is located straight to the east of Canopus at the mouth of the Canopic branch of the River Nile.
Tiberius began his reign as a rather unpopular and sour leader who was respected but generally disliked for his “arrogance and inscrutable looks” according to the Roman historian, Tacitus.
On the islands and islets dwellings and secondary sanctuaries were located.
Excavations here have revealed beautiful archaeological material such as bronze statuettes.
Adopted by the Emperor Augustus, it was uncharitably suggested at the time that Augustus’ gesture served merely to give greater dignity and resonance to his own reign by following it with that of Tiberius – which was sure to be a disaster by comparison.
Tiberius’s early reign was characterised by a certain diffidence on his part, expecting the Senate to run the country without his having to interfere continually.