BACKGROUND: Older adults are increasingly using complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) dietary supplements and herbal remedies, but may not discuss this with their physicians.When patients do report using CAM, their physicians may not record this information in patient charts.This is not an indication of a security issue such as a virus or attack.It could be something as simple as a run away script or learning how to better use E-utilities, for more efficient work such that your work does not impact the ability of other researchers to also use our site.Here, we established the Drosophila Giant Fiber neurons (GF) as a novel model to study axonal trafficking of L1-type Cell Adhesion Molecules (CAM) Neuroglian (Nrg) in the adult CNS using live imaging.
Thus, our data suggests that accumulation of Nrg vesicles is due to failure of retrograde transport rather than a failure of terminal development.
In the developing nasal pit, L1 and N-CAM were detectable in the developing olfactory epithelium, but not in regions developing into the respiratory epithelium.
At early developmental stages, expression of the so-called embryonic form of N-CAM (E-N-CAM) coincides with the expression of N-CAM, whereas at later developmental stages and in the adult it is restricted to a smaller number of sensory cell bodies and axons, suggesting that the less adhesive embryonic form is characteristic of morphogenetically dynamic neuronal structures.
To determine if endogenous Nrg is retrogradely transported, we inhibited two key regulators, Lissencephaly-1 (Lis1) and Dynactin, of the retrograde motor protein Dynein.
Similar to previously described phenotypes for expression of poisonous subunits of Dynactin, we found that developmental knock down of Lis1 disrupted GF synaptic terminal growth and that Nrg vesicles accumulated inside the stunted terminals in both mutant backgrounds.