It also – like its neighbours on the Trucial Coast – entered into an exclusivity agreement in which the United Kingdom took responsibility for the emirate's security in 1892. First, in 1841, a smallpox epidemic broke out in the Bur Dubai locality, forcing residents to relocate east to Deira.
Then, in 1894, fire swept through Deira, burning down most homes.
It is also a major transport hub for passengers and cargo.
By the 1960s, Dubai's economy was based on revenues from trade and, to a smaller extent, oil exploration concessions, but oil was not discovered until 1966. Dubai has recently attracted world attention through many innovative large construction projects and sports events.
The area was covered with sand about 5,000 years ago as the coast retreated inland, becoming part of the city's present coastline.
After the spread of Islam in the region, the Umayyad Caliph of the eastern Islamic world invaded south-east Arabia and drove out the Sassanians.
Dubai has been criticised for human rights violations concerning the city's largely South Asian and Filipino workforce.), which means "to creep"), referring to the slow flow of Dubai Creek inland.Dubai's geographical proximity to Iran made it an important trade location.The town of Dubai was an important port of call for foreign tradesmen, chiefly those from Iran, many of whom eventually settled in the town.Private companies were established to build and operate infrastructure, including electricity, telephone services and both the ports and airport operators.An airport of sorts (a runway built on salt flats) was established in Dubai in the 1950s and, in 1959, the emirate's first hotel, the Airlines Hotel, was constructed.